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Basketball - Wikipedia
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court , compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball approximately 9. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line , when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one, two or three one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play overtime is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running dribbling or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the layup , the jump shot , or a dunk ; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound , that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard.
Amateur basketball includes everything from college basketball to city programs that introduce the game to young kids. The rules in place in middle schools, AAU basketball and recreational leagues all follow the guidelines put in place for the college and high school games. The regulation basketball court is 94 feet long and 50 feet wide. The free-throw line is 15 feet from the rim, and the lane area is 12 feet wide by 19 feet deep.
Please note that US Amateur Basketball state offices may choose to adjust a National game rule for their local tournaments. Check with your local tournament for local tournament rules. Middle and High School Grades 7 thru 12 will consist of two sixteen minute halves and will use a regulation size basketball intermediate size ball for Women.