Nude photography has been a genre of fine art photography since the inception of the medium in the middle of the nineteenth century; depicting the nude human body with a particular emphasis on form, composition, and the emotional qualities evoked by such. Nude photography has played an important role in establishing photography as an accepted medium of fine art practice. Nude photography should be distinguished from erotic photography, although there has been some genre overlap over the years. Erotic interest, although often present, is secondary, which distinguishes fine art nude photography from both erotic or glamour photography, which focuses on showing the subject of the photograph in the most attractive way; and pornographic photography, which is of a sexually explicit nature and has the primary purpose of sexual gratification for the viewer and which ordinarily claims no aesthetic value in and of itself. Fine art photographs are also not taken to serve any journalistic, scientific, or other practical purposes. The nude is still a controversial subject in all media, but especially with photography due to its inherent realism.
10 of the Most Controversial Fashion Photographers Ever
Robert Mapplethorpe - Wikipedia
She was drawn to the so-called deviants, outsiders, marginalized people, glamorous transvestites, graceful giants, disturbed-looking children, circus performers and of course, twins and subjects with other birth eccentricities. Had she lived, Arbus would have been 89 years old today. Arbus was a curious case. Freaks were born with their trauma. Like Sally Mann, photographer Irina Ionesco attracted controversy for taking photographs of her own child, but with unmatched notoriety. Turning her five year old daughter Eva into her muse and model, Irina spent years photographing her and instructing her in posed precociousness.
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While many of these photographers have been criticised for taking their vision to a point where art and fashion are almost indistinguishable from pornography and exploitation, other critics laud their daring efforts. Some say their work and style is influenced by the photographer Guy Bourdin and have pioneered the use of digital manipulation within their field. They are often cited for using racy themes and controversy in their ads.
No Western photographer enjoys the popularity in their own country that Nobuyoshi Araki has in his Japan. Feminists have called him a misogynist, the police has arrested him for violating the local obscenity laws; but everyone else loves him. The media call him Tensai Araki ie. Genius Araki , people in the streets of Tokyo recognize him, young girls want to be bound in ropes and be photographed by him in one of his famous and controversial pictures of half- naked, tied up women. Araki has made eroticism—some call it pornography—the focus of his photography.