The Latins Latin : Latini , sometimes known as the Latians , were an Italic tribe which included the early inhabitants of the city of Rome. Following the Roman expansion, the Latins spread into the Latium adiectum , inhabited by Osco-Umbrian peoples. Their language, Latin , belonged to the Italic branch of Indo-European. The material culture of the Latins, known as the Latial culture , was a distinctive subset of the proto-Villanovan culture that appeared in parts of the Italian peninsula in the first half of the 12th century BC.
Latins (Italic tribe)
The Beginnings of Rome - Rome under the Monarchy
The Latins were originally an Italic tribe in ancient central Italy from Latium. As Roman power and colonization  spread Latin culture , during the Roman Empire , Latins came to mean mostly unified Italic Latin -speaking people and the Latin -speaking people of Italia , Gaul , Hispania and Dacia whose land was settled by Roman colonists. In the late 15th—16th centuries, a millennium after the fall of the Western Roman Empire , Portugal and Spain began to create world empires. In consequence to the Mexican-American War and the ultimate loss of California to the United States , by the midth century, the former American colonies of these nations, as well as French-speaking areas of America became known as Latin America and this region's inhabitants as Latin Americans. Although they lived in independent city-states, they spoke a common language Latin , held common religious beliefs , and shared a sense of kinship, expressed in the myth that all Latins descend from Latinus. Latinus was worshiped on Mons Albanus Monte Albano during an annual festival attended by all Latins, including those from Rome , one of the Latin states. The Latin cities extended common rights of residence and trade to one another.
How Old is Latin?
The speakers of this language were called Romans, after their legendary founder, Romulus. At the time, Rome was not a powerful empire. They slept in windowless huts, spoke their own language, worshipped their own gods, and enjoyed their own way of doing things — just like so many other groups to be found in Italy at the time. They did not call it Italy back then.
As you may have noticed, as the school year moves on we are learning about cultures, one after another, that move us farther west around the world: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and now Rome. Rome began as a small farming village, but it would grow into a large ancient city that is still active today. There is a legend about the founding of Rome that goes back to the Trojan War. As you remember, the Greeks defeated the Trojans by using the trick of the wooden horse.