Militias allied to the South Sudanese army have been allowed to rape women in lieu of wages while fighting rebels, a UN report says. Investigators found that 1, women had been raped last year in oil-rich Unity State alone, it said. The army operated a "scorched earth" policy to deliberately target civilians for killing and rape, which amounted to war crimes, the UN said. According to the UN report, militias operated under a "do what you can and take what you can" agreement that allowed them to rape and abduct women and girls as a form of payment. The UN said government forces and allied militias had gang-raped girls and cut civilians to pieces.
Women, War and Darfur : Implementing and Expanding Gender Violence Justice - Terra-HN
Events of In February , the parties to the peace deal formed a transitional government of national unity led by President Salva Kiir, with Riek Machar as first vice president, and four other vice presidents from opposition groups. The parties did not implement major provisions of the peace deal including security arrangements or establishing accountability mechanisms. The requirement that at least 35 percent at all levels of governance should be women was also ignored. This ceasefire broke down in April, when fighting resumed in Yei, Lobonok, Mundri, Maridi, and other parts of the Equatoria region.
This paper contends that sexual assault of civilian women in conflict is an unabated and ongoing humanitarian and legal issue, and there is still insufficient legal redress for women victimized by gender violence in war. This paper will explore the war on civilian women in armed conflict and the responses of the international community and international law. Its main tenets are that 1 despite the great strides at the Yugoslavia and Rwanda Tribunals and in the Statute of the International Criminal Court, there is still insufficient access to justice for women victimized by gender violence in conflict, 2 to combat impunity for gender violence it is necessary to use international strategies, tools and pressures, not only to prosecute perpetrators, but to also create national justice systems that can and will address gender violence, and 3 the means of impacting the overall problem and underlying causes of gender violence are not being adequately addressed.
It is awful and we feel so powerless and ashamed. We have no weapons to defend ourselves or to take back our women and, when we dare go outside the camp, they will shoot at us. Omar and his daughter Aisha, one of his 10 children, are sitting on a little stool in front of their shelter. The temporary dwelling is made out of twigs, sticks, and some pieces of plastic and cloth - just like the 40, shelters around them.